History

Wars & Campaigns

Boer War
First World War

►►Western Front

►►►Trench Warfare: 1914-1916

►►Allied Offensive: 1916

►►►Allied Offensives: 1917

►►►German Offensive: 1918

►►►Advance to Victory: 1918

►►Siberia
Second World War
►►War Against Japan

►►Italian Campaign

►►►Sicily

►►►Southern Italy

►►►The Sangro and Moro

►►►Battles of the FSSF

►►►Cassino

►►►Liri Valley

►►►Advance to Florence

►►►Gothic Line

►►►Winter Lines
►►North-West Europe

►►►Normandy
►►►Southern France
►►►Channel Ports

►►►Scheldt
►►►Nijmegen Salient

►►►Rhineland

►►►Final Phase
Korean War
Cold War
Gulf War

Operations 

GAUNTLET Aug 1941

(Spitsbergen)

HUSKY Jul 1943

 (Sicily)

COTTAGE Aug 1943

 (Kiska)

TIMBERWOLF Oct 1943

(Italy)

OVERLORD Jun 1944

(Normandy)

MARKET-GARDEN Sep 44

(Arnhem)

BERLIN Nov 1944

(Nijmegen)

VERITABLE Feb 1945

(Rhineland)

Battle Honours

Boer War

►Paardeberg

18 Feb 00

First World War
Western Front
Trench Warfare: 1914-1916

Ypres, 1915

22 Apr-25 May 15

Gravenstafel

22-23 Apr 15

St. Julien

24 Apr-4 May 15

Frezenberg

8-13 May 15

Bellewaarde

24-25 May 15

Festubert, 1915

15-25 May 15

Mount Sorrel

2-13 Jun 16

Allied Offensive: 1916

►Somme, 1916

1 Jul-18 Nov 16

►Albert

.1-13 Jul 16

►Razentin

.14-17 Jul 16

►Pozieres

.23 Jul-3 Sep 16

►Guillemont

.3-6 Sep 16

►Ginchy

.9 Sep 16

►Flers-Courcelette

.15-22 Sep 16

►Thiepval

.26-29 Sep 16

►Le Transloy

. 1-18 Oct 16

►Ancre Heights

1 Oct-11 Nov 16

►Ancre, 1916

13-18 Nov 16

Allied Offensives: 1917

►Arras 1917

8 Apr-4 May 17

Vimy, 1917

.9-14 Apr 17

Arleux

28-29 Apr 17

►Scarpe, 1917

.3-4 May17

►Hill 70

.15-25 Aug 17

►Messines, 1917

.7-14 Jun 17

►Ypres, 1917

..31 Jul-10 Nov 17

►Pilckem

31 Jul-2 Aug 17

►Langemarck, 1917

.16-18 Aug 17

►Menin Road

.20-25 Sep 17

►Polygon Wood

26 Sep-3 Oct 17

►Broodseinde

.4 Oct 17

►Poelcapelle

.9 Oct 17

►Passchendaele

.12 Oct 17

►Cambrai, 1917

20 Nov-3 Dec 17

German Offensive: 1918

►Somme, 1918

.21 Mar-5 Apr 18

►St. Quentin

.21-23 Mar 18

►Bapaume, 1918

.24-25 Mar 18

►Rosieres

.26-27 Mar 18

►Avre

.4 Apr 18

►Lys

.9-29 Apr 18

►Estaires

.9-11 Apr 18

►Messines, 1918

.10-11 Apr 18

►Bailleul

.13-15 Apr 18

►Kemmel

.17-19 Apr 18

Advance to Victory: 1918

Amiens

8-11 Aug 18

►Arras, 1918

.26 Aug-3 Sep 18

►Scarpe, 1918

26-30 Aug 18.

►Drocourt-Queant

.2-3 Sep 18

►Hindenburg Line

.12 Sep-9 Oct 18

►Canal du Nord

.27 Sep-2 Oct 18

►St. Quentin Canal .29 Sep-2 Oct 18
►Epehy

3-5 Oct 18

►Ypres, 1918

.8-9 Oct 18

►Valenciennes

.1-2 Nov 18

►Sambre

.4 Nov 18

►Pursuit to Mons .28 Sep-11Nov

Second World War

War Against Japan

South-East Asia

Hong Kong

 8-25 Dec 41

Italian Campaign

Battle of Sicily

Landing in Sicily 

   9-12 Jul 43

Grammichele 

15 Jul 43

Piazza Armerina

16-17 Jul 43

Valguarnera

17-19 Jul 43

Assoro 

  20-22 Jul 43

Leonforte

 21-22 Jul 43

Agira

24-28 Jul 43

Adrano 

29 Jul-7 Aug 43

Catenanuova

29-30 Jul 43

Regalbuto

29 Jul-3 Aug 43

Centuripe

  31 Jul-3 Aug 43

Troina Valley

 2-6 Aug 43

Pursuit to Messina

 2-17 Aug 43

 Southern Italy

Landing at Reggio

 3 Sep 43

Potenza 19-20 Sep 43
Motta Montecorvino 1-3 Oct 43
Termoli 3-6 Oct 43
Monte San Marco 6-7 Oct 43
Gambatesa 7-8 Oct 43
Campobasso 11-14 Oct 43
Baranello 17-18 Oct 43
Colle d'Anchise 22-24 Oct 43
Torella 24-27 Oct 43

The Sangro and Moro

The Sangro

19 Nov-3 Dec 43

Castel di Sangro

.23-24 Nov 43

The Moro

5-7 Dec 43

San Leonardo

8-9 Dec 43

The Gully

..10-19 Dec 43

Casa Berardi

 ..14-15 Dec 43

Ortona

20-28 Dec 43

San Nicola-San

.31 Dec 43

Tommaso

.
Point 59/ 29 Dec 43-

Torre Mucchia

4 Jan 44

Battles of the FSSF
Monte Camino

.5 Nov-9 Dec 43

Monte la Difensa-

2-8 Dec 43

 Monte la Remetanea

.
Hill 720

25 Dec 43

Monte Majo

3-8 Jan 44.

Radicosa

4 Jan 44

Monte Vischiataro

8 Jan 44

Anzio

22 Jan-22 May 44

Rome

.22 May-4 Jun 44

Advance

.22 May-22 Jun 44

to the Tiber

.
►Monte Arrestino

25 May 44

►Rocca Massima

27 May 44

►Colle Ferro

2 Jun 44

Cassino
►Cassino II

11-18 May 44

►Gustav Line

11-18 May 44

►Sant' Angelo in

13 May 44

Teodice

.
►Pignataro

14-15 May 44

Liri Valley
Liri Valley

18-30 May 44

►Hitler Line

18-24 May 44

►Aquino

18-24 May 44

►Melfa Crossing

24-25 May 44

►Ceprano

26-27 May 44

►Torrice Crossroads

30 May 44

Advance to Florence
►Advance

17 Jul-10 Aug 44

to Florence

.
►Cerrone

25 - 31 Aug 44

Trasimene Line
►Trasimene Line

20-30 Jun 44

►Sanfatucchio

20-21 Jun 44

►Gabbiano

1 Jul 44

►Arezzo

4-17 Jul 44

►Tuori

5 Jul 44

Gothic Line
►Gothic Line

25 Aug-22 Sep 44

►Monteciccardo

27-28 Aug 44

►Montecchio

30-31 Aug 44

►Point 204 (Pozzo Alto)

31 Aug 44

►Monte Luro

1 Sep 44

►Borgo Santa Maria

1 Sep 44

►Tomba di Pesaro

1-2 Sep 44

►Coriano

3-15 Sep 44

►Lamone Crossing

2-13 Sep 44

Winter Lines
►Rimini Line

14-21 Sep 44

►San Martino-

14-18 Sep 44

San Lorenzo

.
►San Fortunato

18-20 Sep 44

►Casale

23-25 Sep 44

►Sant' Angelo

11-15 Sep 44

 in Salute

.
►Bulgaria Village

13-14 Sep 44

►Cesena

15-20 Sep 44

►Pisciatello

16-19 Sep 44

►Savio Bridgehead

20-23 Sep 44

►Monte La Pieve

13-19 Oct 44

►Monte Spaduro

19-24 Oct 44

►Monte San Bartolo

11-14 Nov 44

►Capture of Ravenna

3-4 Dec 44

►Naviglio Canal

12-15 Dec 44

►Fosso Vecchio

16-18 Dec 44

►Fosso Munio

19-21 Dec 44

►Conventello-

2-6 Jan 45

Comacchio

.
►Granarolo

3-5 Jan 44

Northwest Europe
Dieppe

19 Aug 42

Battle of Normandy
Normandy Landing

6 Jun 44

Authie

7 Jun 44

Putot-en-Bessin

8 Jun 44

Bretteville

8-9 Jun 44

       -l'Orgueilleuse .
Le Mesnil-Patry

11 Jun 44

Carpiquet

4-5 Jul 44

Caen

4-18 Jul 44

The Orne (Buron)

8-9 Jul 44

Bourguébus Ridge

18-23 Jul 44

Faubourg-de-

18-19 Jul 44

       Vaucelles .
St. André-sur-Orne

19-23 Jul 44

Maltôt

22-23 Jul 44

Verrières Ridge-Tilly--

25 Jul 44

         la-Campagne .
►Falaise

7-22 Aug 44

►Falaise Road

7-9 Aug 44

►Quesnay Road

10-11 Aug 44

Clair Tizon

11-13 Aug 44

►The Laison

14-17 Aug 44

►Chambois

18-22 Aug 44

►St. Lambert-sur-

19-22 Aug 44

       Dives

.

Dives Crossing

17-20 Aug 44

Forêt de la Londe

27-29 Aug 44

The Seine, 1944

25-28 Aug 44

Southern France
Southern France

15-28 Aug 44

Channel Ports
Dunkirk, 1944

8-15 Sep 44

Le Havre

1-12 Sep 44

Moerbrugge

8-10 Sep 44

Moerkerke

13-14 Sep 44

Boulogne, 1944

17-22 Sep 44

Calais, 1944

25 Sep-1 Oct 44

Wyneghem

21-22 Sep 44

Antwerp-Turnhout

   24-29 Sep 44

Canal

.

The Scheldt

The Scheldt

1 Oct-8 Nov 44

Leopold Canal

6-16 Oct-44

►Savojaards Platt

9-10 Oct 44

Breskens Pocket

11 Oct -3 Nov 44

►Woensdrecht

1-27 Oct 44

►The Lower Maas

20 Oct -7 Nov 44

►South Beveland

 24-31 Oct 44

Walcheren

31 Oct -4 Nov 44

Causeway

.

Nijmegen Salient
Ardennes

Dec 44-Jan 45

Kapelsche Veer

31 Dec 44-

.

21Jan 45

The Roer

16-31 Jan 45

Rhineland
The Rhineland

8 Feb-10 Mar 45

►The Reichswald

8-13 Feb 45

►Waal Flats

8-15 Feb 45

►Moyland Wood

14-21 Feb 45

►Goch-Calcar Road

19-21 Feb 45

►The Hochwald

26 Feb-

.

4 Mar 45

►Veen

6-10 Mar 45

►Xanten

8-9 Mar 45

Final Phase
The Rhine

23 Mar-1 Apr 45

►Emmerich-Hoch

28 Mar-1 Apr 45

Elten

.
►Twente Canal

2-4 Apr 45

Zutphen

6-8 Apr 45

Deventer

8-11 Apr 45

Arnhem, 1945

12-14 Apr 45

Apeldoorn

11-17 Apr 45

Groningen

13-16 Apr 45

Friesoythe

14 Apr 45

►Ijselmeer

15-18 Apr 45

Küsten Canal

17-24 Apr 45

Wagenborgen

21-23 Apr 45

Delfzijl Pocket

23 Apr-2 May 45

Leer

28-29 Apr 45

Bad Zwischenahn

23 Apr-4 May 45

Oldenburg

27 Apr-5 May 45

Korean War
Kapyong

21-25 Apr 51

Domestic Missions

FLQ Crisis

International Missions

ICCS            Vietnam 1973

MFO                 Sinai 1986-

Peacekeeping

UNMOGIP

India 1948-1979

UNTSO

 Israel 1948-    ....

UNEF

Egypt 1956-1967

UNOGIL

Lebanon 1958    ....

ONUC

 Congo 1960-1964

UNYOM

Yemen 1963-1964

UNTEA

W. N. Guinea 1963-1964

UNIFCYP

 Cyprus 1964-    ....

DOMREP

D. Republic 1965-1966

UNIPOM

Kashmir 1965-1966

UNEFME

Egypt 1973-1979

UNDOF

Golan 1974-    ....

UNIFIL

 Lebanon 1978    ....

UNGOMAP

Afghanistan 1988-90

UNIIMOG

Iran-Iraq 1988-1991

UNTAG

Namibia 1989-1990

ONUCA

C. America 1989-1992

UNIKOM

Kuwait 1991    ....

MINURSO

W. Sahara 1991    ....

ONUSAL

El Salvador 1991    ....

UNAMIC

Cambodia 1991-1992

UNAVEM II

Angola 1991-1997

UNPROFOR

Yugosla. 1992-1995

UNTAC

Cambodia 1992-1993

UNOSOM

Somalia 1992-1993

ONUMOZ

Mozambiq. 1993-1994

UNOMUR

 Rwanda 1993    ....

UNAMIR

Rwanda 1993-1996

UNMIH

Haiti 1993-1996

UNMIBH

Bosnia/Herz.1993-1996

UNMOP

Prevlaka 1996-2001

UNSMIH

Haiti 1996-1997

MINUGUA

Guatemala 1994-1997

UNTMIH

Haiti 1997    ....

MIPONUH

 Haiti 1997    ....

MINURCA

C.Afr.Rep. 1998-1999

INTERFET

E. Timor 1999-2000

UNAMSIL

Sie. Leone 1999-2005

UNTAET

E. Timor 1999-2000

Exercises

 

Final Phase

The Rhine

The Rhine River was the last major obstacle 21st Army Group faced in the European war. Even as Operations VERITABLE and BLOCKBUSTER played out, the 2nd British Army prepared for a massive set-piece assault crossing of the river. In keeping with the "broad front" policy of General Eisenhower, strategic priority was given to two assaults, a crossing south of Germany's Ruhr industrial region by the U.S. 9th Army, and the 2nd British Army's crossing north of the Ruhr. Events were forced when the U.S. Army captured an intact bridge near Bonn, at Remagen on 7 March, and the 3rd Army "bounced" the river with a rapid crossing south of Mainz on 22/23 March. Operation PLUNDER, the British crossing planned for 31 March, was accelerated to 23 March. The role of 1st Canadian Army was to hold the Rhine/Maas line from Emmerich to the sea and ensure the Nijmegen bridgehead remained secure. Once across the river, the British and American armies were to drive deep into Germany while the 1st Canadian Army followed along behind, opening up the western Netherlands.

The amphibious crossings were done on a two-corps front at Wesel - 30th Corps to the north of 12th Corps. The 9th Canadian Infantry Brigade was attached to the 51st (Highland) Division for the crossing.

The assault would be preceded by massive air strikes, the largest concentration of artillery used by the west in the entire war and a concentrated airborne drop. The airborne assault, code named "Varsity", was to be onto high ground east of the Rhine by the US 18th Airborne Corps of two divisions - the 17th US and 6th British Airborne Divisions. The 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion...would drop as part of 6th Airborne.1

The Highland Light Infantry of Canada were employed with the 154th Brigade of the 51st (Highland) Division as they crossed the Rhine at Rees and went into action at Speldrop. The HLI went into action to relieve a battalion of the Black Watch, fighting into the 25th and suffering 33 casualties. At the same time, the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion had landed with the 3rd Parachute Brigade, losing 23 killed, including their Commanding Officer.

Emmerich-Hoch Elten

The 30th Corps plan once across the Rhine was for a three division front, with the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division on the left of the line, unfortunately up against heavy defences along the Alter Rhein. The 7th and 8th Brigades saw heavy fighting to expand the bridgehead
 

Final Phase

The Rhine – Emmerich-Hoch Elten – Twente Canal – ZutphenDeventerArnhem, 1945Apeldoorn –  GroningenFriesoythe – Ijsselmeer – Küsten CanalWagenborgenDelfzijl PocketLeerBad Zwischenahn –  Oldenburg

The Drive North

After the Rhine crossing in March 1945, the First Canadian Army was given two tasks: the liberation of the western Netherlands, and a drive to the North Sea protecting the left flank of the British 2nd Army driving into northern Germany.

Seven allied armies (now) fanned out in a spectacular six-week 200-mile armoured drive across Germany that culminated in the German surrender on May 8.2

First Canadian Army became operational at midnight on 1 April 1945, with the 1st Canadian Corps, having arrived from Italy, taking its place under command and the 1st British Corps reverting to command of 2nd British Army.

Strategically, on 1 April the 1st and 9th United States Armies completed their encirclement of the Ruhr, Germany's industrial heartland, eventually cutting the pocket in two on 8 April and completing its destruction on 18 April, destroying Army Group B (composed of 5th Panzer Army and 15th Army) and collecting 315,000 prisoners. The 9th U.S. Army returned to American command, having been subordinated to the 21st Army Group during operations in the Rhineland.

In the west 1st Canadian Corps attacked to open the Arnhem-Zutphen road, allowing 2nd Canadian Corps to move northeast in support of their goals. Arnhem and Apeldoorn were liberated on 14 and 17 April respectively.

Secondary objectives made themselves apparent as the malnutrition rife among the civil population was observed by troops of 1st Canadian Corps, indicating a general famine in the western Netherlands. Wary of prompting German flooding (as had been done at Walcheren), the corps stopped its advance on 22 April and instead negotiated a truce to deliver food to the starving population.

The advance of 2nd Canadian Corps to their right was rapid, though enemy resistance was still serious in places, such at Zutphen and along the Twente Canal, where the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division was halted by Infanterie Division 361. The 2nd Canadian Infantry Division also faced considerable opposition, notably at Groningen. The 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division advanced into Germany early in April, reaching the Küsten Canal on the 14th.

2nd Canadian Corps Across the Rhine

As the 1st Canadian Corps was engaged in operations in the western Netherlands, the 2nd Canadian Corps was clearing out the last pockets of German resistance in the northwestern Netherlands, and advancing into Germany itself.

2nd Canadian Division

The 2nd Division crossed the Twente Canal in early April and by 6 April had reached the Schipbeek Canal; the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada managed to cross the obstacle with the assistance of small airborne drops of French and Belgian parachutists on 7/8 April. With the 8th Reconnaissance Regiment in the van and the armoured cars of The Royal Canadian Dragoons on the flank, the division reached Beilan on 12 April and took Assen the next day, netting 600 prisoners. On 13 April, the division reached Groningen, the provincial capital where a major battle including Dutch SS troops occupied the entire 2nd Canadian Division for four days. Over 2,000 prisoners were taken at a cost of 209 casualties. In the meantime, the RCD had captured Leeuwarden and reached the North Sea.

3rd Canadian Division

The 3rd Canadian Division cleared Deventer on 11 April, faced sparse resistance at Zwolle, Meppel and Steenwijk, and sent the divisional reconnaissance battalion at Leeuwarden to find The Royal Canadian Dragoons had beaten them to the punch. In a 26 day, 115 mile advance from the Rhine, the division took 4,600 prisoners and bridged 30 canals. The division was briefly sent east in relief of the 1st Polish Armoured Division in the third week of April, west of the Ems, south of Delfzijl, where the Canadian Scottish and Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment fought at Wagenborgen before handing responsibility for the Delfzijl Pocket to the 5th Canadian (Armoured) Division.

4th Canadian (Armoured) Division

The 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division crossed the Twente Canal on 4 April and had reached the Ems, finding flooded terrain making poor going for tanks. The commander of 1st Canadian Army refused to attach the 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division to the British 30th Corps while the 2nd Canadian Corps prepared for Operation CANNONSHOT far to the south and the division continued its drive over the Overijsselsch Canal, to Coevorden and into Meppen on April 5. According to the Canadian Army's official history:

The following day the 4th Armoured Brigade occupied the suburbs of Meppen on the left bank of the Ems, while the 10th Infantry Brigade encountered somewhat stiffer resistance at Wierden, only a few miles west of Almelo. Evidently fearing a movement by our troops across his northward line of retreat to Groningen, the enemy was surprisingly active in this area, and Wierden was not finally cleared until the 9th.3

In the meantime, The Algonquin Regiment had moved into Almelo, a town with a population of 35,000. The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada had "whisked in and out", and the Alqonquins followed in their wake to determine what enemy was present in and around the town. Suspecting enemy forces in sizeable numbers to the west and south-west, "D" Company was ordered to exploit towards Wierden, 3,000 yards to the west, on 4 April. A reconnaissance party went out in the afternoon to gather information for the company's mission that night, mainly to secure a bridgehead over the canal during a silent operation that night. "C" Company, posted to the south-west portion of the Almelo perimeter, made contact with the enemy also and located one of the German observation posts.

"D" Company's show that night was to prove an utter fiasco. To secure surprise, and to get across the canal without detection, a rather weird plan was laid on. The canal in question originated just north of Almelo, flowed westward for 3000 yards, and then went south across the highway. Afternoon reconnaissance had disclosed no enemy near Almelo, so it was decided that one platoon would cross at this near point, while a second, remaining on the near bank, would parallel their advance west toward Wierden and the highway. In that way, the near platoon could protect the far one in the event of trouble. Company H.Q. and the third platoon would proceed up the highway, sweeping for mines as they went, and keeping the Engineer bulldozer handy to clear the tree-obstacle which clocked the road. Unfortunately, communication was by runner only, wireless being impractical at the time. The runner messages came in regularly, reporting progress as planned, culminating with the information that both platoons were across the canal and dug in, with no casualties. The signal was given to get the bulldozer cracking, and the third platoon began to move swiftly up the road toward Wierden, just as first light broke. Immediately there was a terrific hail of small arms fire spraying the length of the road. Several vehicles of the Engineers were hit, but there were no casualties. At that moment came another runner, and in a second it was tragically clear how far away from their objective the other two platoons were. Somehow, in the darkness, they had taken a wrong turn, gone eight hundred yards north instead of west, returned, crossed what they thought was the canal required, and dug in. Later in the day they were found 2000 yards back of the company H.Q. and the other platoon. Needless to say, the C.O. was not very pleased with this, and "D" Company had to make a second daylight effort right down the highway, this time supported by artillery. The second attempt was also a failure, and a costly one. The enemy concentrated his fire on the narrow highway area, knocked out one tank and narrowly missed another, and mowed down the infantry advancing to the canal. One officer, Lieut. Richard, was killed, and Lieut. Dirassar was wounded. The lead platoon suffered fourteen casualties, three-quarters of their strength, the second one suffered three more. Wierden was evidently going to be a tougher nut than had been at first appreciated.4

The Carrier Platoon, looking for revenge, carried out a raid on the northern outskirts of Almelo on 6 April, and in a short fight against an estimated 160 Germans, killed 20 and captured 15 more using flamethrowers, mortars and Bren guns, driving the remainder back to the north. "C" Company to the south-west also sent out a patrol to clear out the OP they had spotted, came under fire, but sent in a successful platoon attack later on the evening of 6 April. At midnight, an enemy counter-attack aimed at cutting the road to the south was beaten off by "C" Company with the aid of a searchlight battery and a light anti-aircraft detachment. On the night of 6/7 April, information gathered from civilians indicated the Germans were pulling back from the canal and a platoon from "A" Company crossed the obstacle and established a position inside a factory, while engineers bulldozed a large crater on the highway. However, the enemy was not withdrawing from Wierden itself, and attempts to reinforce the platoon across the canal failed, as did an attempt to get "D" Company across the water to the south. During the day on 7 April, Typhoon fighter-bombers were called on to attack German anti-tank guns with rockets and bombs. The Mortar Platoon established itself in the former headquarters of Anton Mussert, the Dutch Nazi. By 9 April, Algonquin patrols established that the Germans had slipped away from Wierden and "C" Company moved in; the regimental history credited a day of rocket and bomb attacks by Typhoons on the 8th for persuading the Germans to pull out.5

While the Algonquins were occupied at Wierden, the remainder of the division was on the move north again. The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's), fighting with the 4th Canadian Armoured Brigade, made an assault crossing of the Ems at Meppen and captured the town with the loss of only one casualty. German prisoners included a number of 17-year old youths with only six to eight weeks of total military experience.6

Beyond Meppen lay Sögel, and the Lake Superior Regiment had to fight off several German counter-attacks before declaring the town cleared.7

Plaque commemorating The Algonquin Regiment, Wierden, Netherlands, 2 July 1945. (L-R): Major Robert Saville, Major L.C. Taylor. LAC photo.

5th Canadian (Armoured) Division

After Operation CLEANSER, the 5th Division moved north to relieve the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division south of Delfzil and ordered to clear the Germans from west of the Ems estuary. The division fought to clear the Delfzijl Pocket between 25 and 30 April. With the port captured, The Irish Regiment of Canada advanced to the west, capturing 4,150 more prisoners in their final actions of the war.

German prisoner of war camps, such as Stalag VI C, began to fall to Allied soldiers, as well as concentration camps. German resistance ended by early May, following the fall of Berlin and the suicide of Adolf Hitler. Victory in Europe Day was announced on 7 May 1945 to take effect at one minute past midnight on May 8.

Notes

  1. McKay, A. Donald Gaudeamus Igitur (Bunker to Bunker Books, Calgary, AB, 2005) , p,226

  2. Whitaker, Denis & Shelagh Whitaker Rhineland: The Battle to End the War (Stoddart Publishing Co. Ltd., Toronto, ON, 1989) ISBN 0773753907 p. 346

  3. Stacey, C.P. Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War: Volume III: The Victory Campaign: The Operations in North-west Europe 1944-45 (Queen's Printer, Ottawa, ON, 1960), p.557

  4. Cassidy, G.L. Warpath: From Tilly-la-Campagne to the Küsten Canal (Ryerson Press, Toronto, ON, 1948) PaperJacks Edition 1980 ISBN 0-7701-0147-X  pp.336-338

  5. Ibid, pp.338-340

  6. Stacey, Ibid

  7. Williams, Jeffery The Long Left Flank: The Hard Fought Way to the Reich, 1944-1945 (Stoddart Publishing Co. Ltd., Toronto, ON, 1988) ISBN 0-7737-2194-0 p.276

References

  • Terry Copp and Robert Vogel, Maple Leaf Route: Victory, 1988

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