United Nations Yemen Observation Mission (UNYOM) was a United
Nations observer mission involving Canadians.
became a member of the Arab League in 1945 and the United
Nations in 1947.Imam Yahya died during an unsuccessful coup
attempt in 1948 and was succeeded by his son Ahmad. Ahmad bin
Yahya's reign was marked by growing repression, renewed friction
with the United Kingdom over the British presence in the south,
and growing pressures to support the Arab nationalist objectives
of Egyptian President Gamal Abdul Nasser. He died in September
Shortly after assuming power in 1962, Ahmad's son, the Crown
Prince Muhammad al-Badr was deposed by revolutionary forces, who
took control of Sanaa and created the Yemen Arab Republic (YAR).
Egypt assisted the YAR with troops and supplies to combat forces
loyal to the Kingdom. Saudi Arabia and Jordan supported Badr's
royalist forces to oppose the newly formed republic starting the
North Yemen Civil War.
was formed to assist in the disengagement of Egyptian forces and
to establish a 20 km demilitarized zone between Yemen and Saudi
Conflict continued periodically until 1967 when Egyptian troops
were withdrawn. By 1968, following a final royalist siege of
Sanaa, most of the opposing leaders reached a reconciliation and
Saudi Arabia recognized the Republic in 1970 .