Metal Shoulder Titles 1939-1945

During the interwar years, Service Dress was the main uniform of the Canadian soldier.  All units adopted distinctive metal shoulder titles which were worn on this uniform.  The design of these badges was set down by General Orders.  Rifle regiments commonly wore blackened badges, other units wore brass for the most part, though some regiments had white metal.  Officers badges were generally identical to their men's, though in some cases sterling silver or gilt versions were either adopted by all the officers, or purchased privately by individuals.  

In the wake of the 1920 re-organization of Canada's land forces, regulations forbade shoulder titles from having numerals, and demanded that a bar had to appear at both top and bottom of the title.

The page on Special Distinctions on this website provides an account of the special oak leaf shaped shoulder badges adopted by the Canadian Scottish Regiment (1st Battalion only), Calgary Highlanders, and Winnipeg Light Infantry.

In the Second World War, metal shoulder titles were forbidden from use on Battle Dress, though some units ignored this restriction in the early days of the war, before the cloth slip on shoulder titles were adopted.

Once Battle Dress was adopted, the metal shoulder titles ceased to be relevant to most Other Ranks, though officers continued to wear them on their Service Dress and Khaki Drill jackets, which were privately purchased by them.

Midway through the war, as a conservation measure, all Canadian soldiers who were wearing metal shoulder titles were ordered to adopt generic CANADA badges rather than distinctive unit titles.  There was some resistance to this and unit badges were probably retained as far as possible, with permission being given to "wear out" the older unit badges.

shoulcana.jpg (31526 bytes)

Many thanks to Bill Ellis for taking the time to scan the majority of badges shown on this page.

Royal Canadian Artillery
shoulrca.jpg (29203 bytes)

Corps of Royal Canadian Engineers
shoulrce.jpg (2858 bytes)

Royal Canadian Corps of Signals
shoulrcccs.jpg (3333 bytes)

Royal Canadian Army Service Corps
shoulrcasc.jpg (20714 bytes)

Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps
shoulrcamc.jpg (4118 bytes)
Canadian Dental Corps

Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps
shourcoc.jpg (4712 bytes)

Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
shoulrceme.jpg (2974 bytes)

Canadian Technical Training Corps

IT DOES NOT APPEAR THAT A SHOULDER BADGE WAS EVER AUTHORIZED FOR THIS ORGANIATION

Royal Canadian Army Veterinary Corps

rcavc.jpg (23374 bytes)
(See note below)

Royal Canadian Army Pay Corps

shoulrcapc.jpg (3120 bytes)
Corps of Military Staff Clerks

shoulcmsc.jpg (3802 bytes)

Canadian Postal Corps
shoulcpc.jpg (2108 bytes)

Canadian Chaplain Service

IT DOES NOT APPEAR THAT A SHOULDER BADGE WAS EVER AUTHORIZED FOR THIS ORGANIATION
Canadian Forestry Corps

IT DOES NOT APPEAR THAT A SHOULDER BADGE WAS EVER AUTHORIZED FOR THIS ORGANIATION

Veterans Guard of Canada

IT DOES NOT APPEAR THAT A SHOULDER BADGE WAS EVER AUTHORIZED FOR THIS ORGANIATION

Canadian Provost Corps
shoulcproc.jpg (2685 bytes)
(1 Provost Company)
shoulrcmp.jpg (2966 bytes)
Canadian Parachute Corps

IT DOES NOT APPEAR THAT A SHOULDER BADGE WAS EVER AUTHORIZED FOR THIS ORGANIATION
Canadian Women's Army Corps
shoulcwac.jpg (4201 bytes)
Canadian Infantry Corps

IT DOES NOT APPEAR THAT A SHOULDER BADGE WAS EVER AUTHORIZED FOR THIS ORGANIATION
Canadian Intelligence Corps
shouldcintc.jpg (2817 bytes)

Canadian Armoured Corps

Canadian Officers Training Corps
shoulcotc.jpg (7113 bytes)
 
Bill Ellis tells me the following:  "You may notice that unlike the example (of RVACV shoulder title) shown in "Mazeas" is straight, un-arced.  I was told that when they were made, they were made straight, but they were too wide to be accomodated on the uniform shoulder strap, and the examples that Mazeas used for his book had the uppermost bar snipped out between the letters, and arced downward to fit onto a shoulder strap.  I am satisfied with this explanation, #1. because my title is nicely maker marked "Scully,Montreal" #2 I have seen the "arced down" examples in other collections.  The RCAVC was extremely small unit in WW2, and very few of these titles exist, this is truly a rare item."

CANADIAN MOUNTED UNITS
(UNITS LISTED ALPHABETICALLY)

The British Columbia Dragoons
shoulbcd.jpg (3291 bytes)
8th Princess Louise's New Brunswick Hussars
shoul8.jpg (8135 bytes)
15th Alberta Light Horse

shoulalh.jpg (2813 bytes)
1st Canadian Armoured Personnel Carrier Regiment
IT DOES NOT APPEAR THAT A SHOULDER BADGE WAS EVER AUTHORIZED FOR THIS ORGANIATION
First Hussars

shoulhuss.jpg (4267 bytes)
The Fort Garry Horse

shoulfgh.jpg (4702 bytes)
14th Canadian Hussars 14th Canadian Light Horse
shoul14clh.jpg (3974 bytes)
4th Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
shoul4pl.jpg (3813 bytes)
The Governor General's Horse Guards

shoulgghg.jpg (3847 bytes)
Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)

shoulldsh.jpg (4070 bytes)
Manitoba Mounted Rifles


shoulmmr.jpg (3041 bytes)
19th Alberta Dragoons

shoul19.jpg (7995 bytes)
The Prince Edward Island Light Horse
shoulpeilh.jpg (3550 bytes)
The Royal Canadian Dragoons
shoulrcd.jpg (2510 bytes)
2nd Armoured Car Regiment
should2ac.jpg (4038 bytes)
2nd/10th Dragoons

shoul210.jpg (5475 bytes)
17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars
shoulxvii.jpg (4283 bytes)
7th/11th Hussars

shoulhus.jpg (4736 bytes)
16th/22nd Saskatchewan Horse

shoulsh.jpg (3779 bytes)
  6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars (Armoured Car)
shoulhuss.jpg (4267 bytes)
shoulvihus.jpg (3600 bytes)
12th Manitoba Dragoons



shoulman.jpg (5470 bytes)
 

CANADIAN INFANTRY UNITS
(UNITS LISTED ALPHABETICALLY)

The Algonquin Regiment


shoulalg.jpg (7566 bytes)
The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's) (M.G.)
shoulash.jpg (4080 bytes)
Argyll Light Infantry (Tank)


shoulali.jpg (2176 bytes)
The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada


shoulrhc.jpg (19311 bytes)
The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles)

shoulbcr.jpg (3912 bytes)
The Brockville Rifles


shoulbrock.jpg (15646 bytes)
The Calgary Highlanders
(Prewar pattern in use by ORs in 1939)

shoulch1.jpg (5944 bytes)
(1934 pattern, issued in left and right pairs to officers)
shoulch.jpg (100562 bytes)

sholdchpr.jpg (2028 bytes)
The Calgary Regiment (Tank)

shoulcalg.jpg (5549 bytes)
The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (M.G.)

shoulcamott.jpg (19650 bytes)

The Canadian Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (M.G.)

casfshoulcf.jpg (2718 bytes)
Courtesy Chris Brooker

The Canadian Grenadier Guards
The Canadian Scottish Regiment (M.G.)
First Battalion

(Not issued in left and right pairs - this badge was worn on both sides)
shoulcan.jpg (6324 bytes)
The Canadian Scottish Regiment (M.G.)
Second and Third  Battalion

shoul2cscot.jpg (24782 bytes)
The Cape Breton Highlanders The Carleton and York Regiment


shoulcyr.jpg (4148 bytes)
The Dufferin and Haldimand Rifles

shouldhrc.jpg (3548 bytes)
The Edmonton Fusiliers (MG)
shouledmf.jpg (6964 bytes)
The Edmonton Regiment
shouledm.jpg (5964 bytes)
The Elgin Regiment

shoulelgin.jpg (3483 bytes)
The Essex Regiment (Tank)
shoules.jpg (4919 bytes)
The Essex Scottish
shouless.jpg (4766 bytes)
48th Highlanders of Canada

shoul48.jpg (3274 bytes)
Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke

shoulfdes.jpg (2924 bytes)
Fusiliers du St. Laurent

shoulfusd.jpg (3291 bytes)
Les Fusiliers Mont Royal

shoulfmr.jpg (2972 bytes)

The Garrison Battalion

IT DOES NOT APPEAR THAT A SHOULDER BADGE WAS EVER AUTHORIZED FOR THIS ORGANIATION

The Governor General's Foot Guards
shoulggfg.jpg (17700 bytes)
The Grey and Simcoe Foresters
shoulfor.jpg (5516 bytes)
The Halifax Rifles

shoulhal.jpg (2056 bytes)
The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment
shoulhast.jpg (6070 bytes)
The Highland Light Infantry of Canada
shoulhli.jpg (3152 bytes)
Irish Fusiliers of Canada (Vancouver Regiment)
shoulirfus.jpg (3016 bytes)
The Irish Regiment of Canada (M.G.)

shoulirish.jpg (5996 bytes)
The Kent Regiment (M.G.)

shoulkent.jpg (3428 bytes)

The King's Own Rifles (M.G.)


shoulkorc.jpg (3897 bytes)
The Lake Superior Regiment
shoulsup.jpg (5609 bytes)
The Lanark and Renfrew Scottish Regiment
shoullan.jpg (5851 bytes)
The Lincoln and Welland Regiment

shoullandw.jpg (2750 bytes)
The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Haltot Regiment)
shoullorne.jpg (2952 bytes)
The Manitoba Mounted Rifles

shoulmmr.jpg (3041 bytes)
The Manitoba Volunteer Reserve

IT DOES NOT APPEAR THAT A SHOULDER BADGE WAS EVER AUTHORIZED FOR THIS ORGANIATION
The Middlesex and Huron Regiment The Midland Regiment (Northumberland and Durham)
shoulmid.jpg (3234 bytes)
The New Brunswick Rangers

shoulnb.jpg (5099 bytes)
The New Brunswick Regiment (Tank)
shoulnbrt.jpg (4961 bytes)
The North Nova Scotia Highlanders (M.G.)

shoulnns.jpg (5143 bytes)
The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment

shoulnsr.jpg (2870 bytes)
The Ontario Regiment (Tank)
shoulor.jpg (1932 bytes)
The Oxford Rifles

shoulox.jpg (3067 bytes)
The Pacific Coast Militia Rangers

IT DOES NOT APPEAR THAT A SHOULDER BADGE WAS EVER AUTHORIZED FOR THIS ORGANIATION

The Perth Regiment (M.G.)
shoulper.jpg (3530 bytes)
The Pictou Highlanders

shoulpic.jpg (2700 bytes)
The Prince Albert and Battleford Volunteers
shoulpabv.jpg (3707 bytes)
The Prince Albert Volunteers
shoulpav.jpg (2679 bytes)
The Prince Edward Island Highlanders
shoulpeih.jpg (3630 bytes)
The Prince of Wales' Rangers (Peterborough Regiment) (M.G.)
shoulpwr.jpg (2556 bytes)
The Prince Rupert Regiment (M.G.)
shouprup.jpg (2653 bytes)
The Princess Louise Fusiliers (M.G.)

shoulplf.jpg (2405 bytes)
The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment (M.G.)
shoulpwor.jpg (3483 bytes)
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry

shoulppcli.jpg (2410 bytes)
The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada
shoulcam.jpg (26596 bytes)
The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada

shoulqor.jpg (2611 bytes)
The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) (M.G.)
shoulqyr.jpg (3851 bytes)
Le Regiment de Chauteauguay (Mit)

shoulchaut.jpg (3884 bytes)
Le Regiment de Gaspe-Bonaventure Le Regiment de Hull
shoulhull.jpg (5842 bytes)
Le Regiment de Joliette
Le Regiment de la Chaudiere (Mit)

shoulchaud.jpg (3619 bytes)
Le Regiment de Levis

shoullevis.jpg (3058 bytes)
Le Regiment de Maisonneuve

shoulmais.jpg (3038 bytes)
Le Regiment de Montmagny
shoulmont.jpg (5157 bytes)
Le Regiment de Quebec (Mit)

shoulque.jpg (3911 bytes)
Le Regiment de St. Hyacinthe
shoulhy.jpg (5065 bytes)
Le Regiment du Saguenay

shoulsag.jpg (3508 bytes)
The Regina Rifle Regiment

shoulreg.jpg (11226 bytes)
The Rocky Mountain Rangers

shoulrmr.jpg (2599 bytes)
The Royal Canadian Regiment

shoulrcr.jpg (25678 bytes)
The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment)

shoulrhli.jpg (4087 bytes)
The Royal Montreal Regiment (M.G.)
shoulrmre.jpg (5778 bytes)
The Royal Regiment of Canada
shoulrrcan.jpg (5251 bytes)
The Royal Rifles of Canada

shoulrrc.jpg (2484 bytes)
Royal 22e Regiment

shoulvan.jpg (33003 bytes)
The Royal Winnipeg Rifles
shoulwpg.jpg (19288 bytes)
The St. John Fusiliers (M.G.)

shoulstj.jpg (2964 bytes)
The Saskatoon Light Infantry (M.G.)
shoulsli.jpg (3653 bytes)
The Sault Ste. Marie and Sudbury Regiment (M.G.)

shoulssm.jpg (2574 bytes)
The Scots Fusiliers of Canada
shoulsf.jpg (5160 bytes)
The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada

shousea.jpg (4226 bytes)
The Sherbrooke Fusiliers Regiment
shoulsher.jpg (3662 bytes)
The Sherbrooke Regiment (M.G.)

shouls.jpg (4714 bytes)

The South Alberta Regiment

shoulsar.jpg (2729 bytes)
The South Saskatchewan Regiment

shoulssr.jpg (3220 bytes)
The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders The Three Rivers Regiment (Tank)

shoultrr.jpg (4105 bytes)
The Toronto Scottish Regiment (M.G.)
shoultor.jpg (22909 bytes)
Victoria Rifles of Canada
shoulvrc.jpg (3508 bytes)
Les Voltigeurs de Quebec

shoulvolt.jpg (2814 bytes)
The Westminster Regiment (M.G.)
shoulwest.jpg (4059 bytes)
The West Nova Scotia Regiment

shoulwnsr.jpg (3525 bytes)
  The Winnipeg Grenadiers (M.G.)


shoulwg.jpg (2580 bytes)

The Winnipeg Light Infantry (M.G.)
Pre-oakleaf pattern badge - it is not clear if this was used in WW II by ORs or not

shoulwlib.jpg (2144 bytes)
(Oakleaf badge, issued in left and right pairs - possibly only to officers)
shoulwli2.jpg (4596 bytes)

shoulwli.jpg (4454 bytes)
 

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