Organization

Canadian Army

Domestic Military Organization

Headquarters

Militia HQ

Canadian Forces HQ

National Defence HQ (NDHQ)

Political Institutions

Dept. of Militia & Defence

►►Minister of Militia & Defence

►►Militia Council

Department of National Defence

►►Minister of National Defence

►►Chiefs of Staff Committee

Reorganizations

1902-1904 Dundonald Reforms
1920 Otter Committee
1936 Reorganization
1954 Kennedy Board
1957 Anderson Report
1964 Suttie Commission
1968 Unification
1995 Special Commission

Organizational Corps/Branches

1900-1968 Organizational Corps
1968-2000 Branches

Field Forces

1914-1919  

Canadian Expeditionary Force
CEF Regional Affiliations

Territorial Reinforcement Regts.

1919

Canadian Siberian Exped Force

1939-1940 (1945) 

Canadian Active Service Force

1945

Canadian Army Pacific Force

1950-1953

Canadian Army Special Force

Field Force Formations

1914-1918  
Canadian Corps
1st Div | 2nd Div | 3rd Div | 4th Div 5th Div
1939-1945

1st Canadian Army

1st Canadian Corps

2nd Canadian Corps

Atlantic Command

Pacific Command
1st Infantry Division
2nd Infantry Division

3rd Infantry Division

4th (Armoured) Division
5th (Armoured) Division
6th Division 

7th Division 

8th Division 
1st Armoured Brigade
2nd Armoured Brigade
3rd Armoured Brigade
3rd Tank Brigade

 1950-1953
1 Com Div | 25 Inf Bde

Foreign Headquarters

Allied Forces HQ (AFHQ)

►►15th Army Group

►►►8th Army

SHAEF

►►21st Army Group

►►►2nd British Army

Special Forces

1st Canadian Para Battalion

First Special Service Force

Pacific Coast Militia Rangers

Canadian Rangers

Special Air Service (SAS) Coy

The Canadian Airborne Regt

Organizational Formations

Reserve Bdes - 1941-1945

13 Cdn Infantry Training Bde

14 Cdn Infantry Training Bde

27th Canadian Brigade

1 CMBG

2 CMBG

3 CMBG

4 CMBG

5 CMBG

1st Cdn Division (1954-1958)

1st Cdn Division (1988-2000)

Special Service Force

Auxiliary Services
Alliances

1914-1918 Triple Alliance
1939-1945 Allies
1949-1999 NATO

Veteran's Organizations

Defence Associations

Canadian Cavalry Association
Canadian Infantry Association
Intelligence Branch Association

National Defence Emp Assoc
RCAC (Cavalry)
RCA Association
RCOC Association
Union of Nat Def Employees

Veteran's Associations

ANAVETS
Royal Canadian Legion

Supplementary Order of Battle

Unit Listings by year

1900 | 1901 | 1902 | 1903 | 1904
1905 | 1906 | 1907 | 1908 | 1909
1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1913 | 1914
1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919
1920 | 1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924
1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929
1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934
1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939
1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944
1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949
1950 | 1951 | 1952 | 1953 | 1954
1955 | 1956 | 1957 | 1958 | 1959
1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964
1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969
1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974
1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979
1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984
1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989
1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994
1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999

Unit Listings by Corps/Branch

Armoured Units 1940-1945

Cdn Dental Corps 1939-1945
Cdn Intelligence Corps 1942-45

Cdn Provost Corps 1940-1945

Infantry Battalions 1939-1945

RCOC 1939-1945

4th Canadian Division

The 4th Canadian Division refers to two organizations raised during the 20th Century. This article refers to the division raised as a formation in the First World War.

The 4th Canadian Division was formed in the United Kingdom in Apr 1916. The formation embarked for France in Aug 1916, during the actions on the Somme. The Division served in France and Flanders thereafter until the Armistice.

The Division began to prepare for the historic assault on Vimy Ridge, and took the left flank of the Canadian Corps on 9 Apr 1917 when the assault went in. Stiff fighting on the 4th Division front led to heavy casualties, and some German positions managed to hold out from the 4th Division for three days.

The Division participated in the monumental battle of Hill 70 in Aug 1917 with Passchendaele following in mid-October, and into November.

Order of Battle

10th Canadian Brigade

44th (Manitoba) Battalion. Re-designated New Brunswick in Aug 1918. Apr 1916 - 11 Nov 1918
46th (South Saskatchewan) Battalion Apr 1916 - 11 Nov 1918
47th (British Columbia) Battalion. Re-designated West Ontario in Feb 1918. Apr 1916 - 11 Nov 1918

50th (Calgary) Battalion

Apr 1916 - 11 Nov 1918

11th Canadian Brigade

54th (Kootenay) Battalion Apr 1916 - 11 Nov 1918
75th (Mississauga) Battalion Apr 1916 - 11 Nov 1918
87th (Canadian Grenadier Guards) Battalion Jun 1916 - 11 Nov 1918
102nd (North British Columbia) Battalion Apr 1916 - 11 Nov 1918

12th Canadian Brigade

38th (Ottawa) Battalion Jun 1916 - 11 Nov 1918
  51st (Edmonton) Battalion. Became the 51st Garrison Bn. Apr 1916 - 13 Nov 1916
72nd (Seaforth Highlanders) Battalion Apr 1916 - 11 Nov 1918
73rd (Royal Highlanders) Battalion . Disbanded. Apr 1916 - 19 Apr 1917
78th (Winnipeg Grenadier) Battalion Apr 1916 - 11 Nov 1918
85th (Nova Scotia Highlanders) Battalion Apr 1917 - 11 Nov 1918
  87th (Canadian Grenadier) Battalion. To the 11th Canadian Brigade. Apr 1916 - Jun 1916

Pioneers

  • 4th Canadian Pioneer Bn. 15 May 1916 - Apr 1917. Disbanded.

  • 124th Canadian Pioneer Bn. Mar 1917 - Jun 1917. To the 4th Canadian Engineer Brigade.

Canadian Machine Gun Corps

In early 1918, infantry machine gun companies were consolidated into Machine Gun Battalions, one per division. At first the battalion had three companies, and in May 1918 this increased to four, with a total complement of 96 Vickers Guns.

10th Machine Gun Company
11th Machine Gun Company
12th Machine Gun Company
16th Machine Gun Company

Militia Regiment Parentage

The following is a list of the Militia Regiments in Canada that provided soldiers for the numbered infantry battalions.

10th Canadian Brigade 44th (Manitoba/New Brunswick) Battalion. 67th Regiment (Carleton Light Infantry)
46th (South Saskatchewan) Battalion 60th Rifles of Canada
95th Saskatchewan Rifles
47th (British Columbia/West Ontario) Battalion. 104th Regiment (Westminster Fusiliers of Canada)

50th (Calgary) Battalion

103rd Regiment (Calgary Rifles)
11th Canadian Brigade 54th (Kootenay) Battalion  
75th (Mississauga) Battalion Toronto area
87th (Canadian Grenadier Guards) Battalion 1st Regiment (Canadian Grenadier Guards)
102nd (North British Columbia) Battalion 68th Regiment (Earl Grey's Own Rifles)
12th Canadian Brigade 38th (Ottawa) Battalion 42nd Lanark and Renfrew Regiment
59th Stormont and Glengarry Regiment
43rd Regiment (The Duke of Cornwall's Own Rifles)
51st (Edmonton) Battalion.  101st Regiment (Edmonton Fusiliers)
72nd (Seaforth Highlanders) Battalion 72nd Regiment (Seaforth Highlanders of Canada)
73rd (Royal Highlanders) Battalion. Disbanded. 5th Regiment (Royal Highlanders of Canada)
78th (Winnipeg Grenadier) Battalion 100th Winnipeg Grenadiers
85th (Nova Scotia Highlanders) Battalion 95th Victoria Regiment (Argyll Highlanders)
87th (Canadian Grenadier) Battalion. 1st Regiment (Canadian Grenadier Guards)

Battles and Engagements

  • France and Flanders

  • Le Transloy 1-17 Oct 1916.

  • Ancre Heights 17 Oct-11 Nov 1916, including the capture of Regina Trench.

  • Ancre 13-18 Nov 1916.

  • Vimy 9-14 Apr 1917.

  • Actions South of the Souchez River. 3-25 Jun 1917.

  • Capture of Avion. 26-29 Jun 1917.

  • Hill 70 15-25 Aug 1917.

  • Passchendaele 26 Oct-10 Nov 1917.

  • Amiens 8-11 Aug 1918.

  • Actions near Damery. 15-17 Aug 1918.

  • Drocourt-Quéant 2-3 Sep 1918.

  • Canal Du Nord 27 Sep-1 Oct 1918.

  • Valenciennes. 1-2 Nov 1918, including the capture of Mont Houy.

  • Passage of the Grande Honelle. 5-7 Nov 1918.

Insignia

Beginning in mid-1916, the Division adopted a system of coloured Battle Patches which were worn on both sleeves of the Service Dress jacket as well as the greatcoat. A rectangle 2 inches tall by 3 inches wide in green was adopted to distinguish the 4th Division from other formations of the Canadian Corps. Coloured geometric shapes used in combination with the divisional patch distinguished individual formations, units and sub-units within the division. The markings were also seen painted on steel helmets, vehicles and used as road signs. The diagram below is a representative list only.

 

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