Organization

Canadian Army

Domestic Military Organization

Headquarters

Militia HQ

Canadian Forces HQ

National Defence HQ (NDHQ)

Political Institutions

Dept. of Militia & Defence

►►Minister of Militia & Defence

►►Militia Council

Department of National Defence

►►Minister of National Defence

►►Chiefs of Staff Committee

Reorganizations

1902-1904 Dundonald Reforms
1920 Otter Committee
1936 Reorganization
1954 Kennedy Board
1957 Anderson Report
1964 Suttie Commission
1968 Unification
1995 Special Commission

Organizational Corps/Branches

1900-1968 Organizational Corps
1968-2000 Branches

Field Forces

1914-1919  

Canadian Expeditionary Force
CEF Regional Affiliations

Territorial Reinforcement Regts.

1919

Canadian Siberian Exped Force

1939-1940 (1945) 

Canadian Active Service Force

1945

Canadian Army Pacific Force

1950-1953

Canadian Army Special Force

Field Force Formations

1914-1918  
Canadian Corps
1st Div | 2nd Div | 3rd Div | 4th Div 5th Div
1939-1945

1st Canadian Army

1st Canadian Corps

2nd Canadian Corps

Atlantic Command

Pacific Command
1st Infantry Division
2nd Infantry Division

3rd Infantry Division

4th (Armoured) Division
5th (Armoured) Division
6th Division 

7th Division 

8th Division 
1st Armoured Brigade
2nd Armoured Brigade
3rd Armoured Brigade
3rd Tank Brigade

 1950-1953
1 Com Div | 25 Inf Bde

Foreign Headquarters

Allied Forces HQ (AFHQ)

►►15th Army Group

►►►8th Army

SHAEF

►►21st Army Group

►►►2nd British Army

Special Forces

1st Canadian Para Battalion

First Special Service Force

Pacific Coast Militia Rangers

Canadian Rangers

Special Air Service (SAS) Coy

The Canadian Airborne Regt

Organizational Formations

Reserve Bdes - 1941-1945

13 Cdn Infantry Training Bde

14 Cdn Infantry Training Bde

27th Canadian Brigade

1 CMBG

2 CMBG

3 CMBG

4 CMBG

5 CMBG

1st Cdn Division (1954-1958)

1st Cdn Division (1988-2000)

Special Service Force

Auxiliary Services
Alliances

1914-1918 Triple Alliance
1939-1945 Allies
1949-1999 NATO

Veteran's Organizations

Defence Associations

Canadian Cavalry Association
Canadian Infantry Association
Intelligence Branch Association

National Defence Emp Assoc
RCAC (Cavalry)
RCA Association
RCOC Association
Union of Nat Def Employees

Veteran's Associations

ANAVETS
Royal Canadian Legion

Supplementary Order of Battle

Unit Listings by year

1900 | 1901 | 1902 | 1903 | 1904
1905 | 1906 | 1907 | 1908 | 1909
1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1913 | 1914
1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919
1920 | 1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924
1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929
1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934
1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939
1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944
1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949
1950 | 1951 | 1952 | 1953 | 1954
1955 | 1956 | 1957 | 1958 | 1959
1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964
1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969
1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974
1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979
1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984
1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989
1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994
1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999

Unit Listings by Corps/Branch

Armoured Units 1940-1945

Cdn Dental Corps 1939-1945
Cdn Intelligence Corps 1942-45

Cdn Provost Corps 1940-1945

Infantry Battalions 1939-1945

RCOC 1939-1945

 

Kennedy Board

The Kennedy Board was convened in May 1953 by the Chief of the General Staff, Guy Simonds. This three man board chaired by Major General Howard K. Kennedy, CBE, MC, examined the training, administration and organization of the Reserve Army. The report by the Kennedy Board submitted in January 1954 recommended returning to the traditional title of "Militia", replacing divisional and brigade headquarters with Militia Group headquarters (twenty-six in number). The report stated that while there was no requirement for a framework of brigades and divisions in peacetime, mobilization "...was to be the primary reason for training and equipping the new 'Militia'" resulting in a partially equipped and trained force able to act as a cadre in the event of mobilization.1

Recommendations included reducing the infantry and artillery components and increasing the number of armoured units (with armoured units also taking over the anti-tank role). Coastal and anti-aircraft defence units were also dispensed with. The Board's recommendations were largely accepted in March 1954, after discussion at a conference of Area Commanders in Ottawa. The board did make one major deviation from the recommendations; The South Alberta Regiment was slated for disbandment rather than the suggested amalgamation with The Loyal Edmonton Regiment.

On 21 June 1954, the new structure of the Militia was outlined in the House of Commons by Brooke Claxton, the Minister of National Defence. By this time the SAR were scheduled for amalgamation of the SAR, 68th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, and 41st Anti-Tank Regiment under the name 15th Alberta Light Horse, a rebirth for the 15th Light Horse that had lain dormant for several years. Throughout July and August of 1954 Alberta politicians protested the changes; on 28 September 1954 a compromise had been reached and the South Alberta Light Horse was created.2

The six divisions of the Canadian Army Reserve Force were disbanded and some 35 formation headquarters were replaced by Militia Group headquarters. Overall organization was changed to provide what the report called a "more appropriate mix of arms and services" and some units were re-roled, such as the conversion of B.C.-based heavy anti-aircraft units to other roles within the artillery. Improvements were made to the training syllabus of the Militia, and bonuses paid for attendance at the summer camps, while the size of the regular army was increased.3

The Canadian Army Reserve Force now became the Canadian Army (Militia), while the Canadian Army Active Force became the Canadian Army (Regular).

Notes

  1. Roy, Reginald. The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada 1919-1965 (Evergreen Press, Vancouver, BC, 1969) p.459

  2. For a fuller explanation of this re-organization, see Graves, Donald A: Century of Service (Robin Brass Studios, 2005) ISBN 1896941435

  3. Roy, Ibid, p.459


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