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Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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CEF Battalions 1914-1920

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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

1st Battalion, CEF

The 1st Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force was a unit raised for service in the First World War.

History

The 1st Canadian Infantry Battalion organized at Valcartier under Camp Order 241 dated 2 September 1914. The battalion was raised from recruits raised in Military District 1.1

 

The battalion, along with the others of the original Canadian contingent, formed at Valcartier, trained on Salisbury Plain, and then saw action in every major Canadian battle of the war in France and Flanders.
 

1st Battalion, CEF

Organized: 6 August 1914
Initial Strength: 1,106
Service: Component of the 1st Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division in France and Flanders.
Disbanded: G.O. 149/1920 eff 15 September 1920
Perpetuated by: 4th Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment

Commanding Officers included Lieutenant-Colonel F.W. Hill, followed by Lieutenant Colonel F. A. Creighton (24 January 1916), and Lieutenant Colonel G.C. Hodson (27 June 1916).

The battalion sailed for the UK from Quebec on 25 September 1914 aboard S.S. Laurentic,  disembarking on 14 October 1914 with a strength of 45 officers and 1121 other ranks. The battalion went to France on 11 February 1915 as a component of the Canadian Division (later 1st Canadian Division), serving in the 1st Infantry Brigade. The battalion moved to England from France on 26 March 1919, disembarked in Canada on 21 April 1919,  demobilized on 24 April 1919, and officially disbanded by General Order 149 of 15 September 1920.

As part of the Otter Committee recommendations, the battalion was officially perpetuated by The Canadian Fusiliers (City of London Regiment)2, whom underwent several identity changes following the war, eventually becoming 4th Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment in 1989. The authority for the perpetuation was originally published by General Order 39/1920.3

The battalion formed a brass band from the "John Peel" bugle band. A stand of regimental colours that had been purchased in England were handed over to the General Officer Commanding Military District 1 on demobilization and were deposited in St. Paul`s Cathedral, London, Ontario.

Stewart lists the battalion as being affiliated with the 33rd and 142nd Battalions, and the battalion was eventually reinforced by the 4th Canadian Reserve Battalion.

Lieutenant Fred Campbell was awarded the Victoria Cross for valour at Givenchy on 15 June 1915.

Insignia

In 1914, there had been little time to adopt distinctive unit badges for the hastily assembled battalions of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. As many battalions were drawn from men from several of the pre-war Militia regiments, there was a desire to avoid using existing badges and forming associations with those existing units, in favour of creating new identities - the General Officer Commanding the 1st Canadian Contingent (later 1st Canadian Division) is quoted as saying sometime in October or November of 1914 "there must be distinctive badges for each unit."4 Until unit badges were approved and issued, a mixture of pre-war Militia badges and maple-leaf pattern General Service badges were seen.

Metal cap and collar badges were also worn on service dress.

In mid-1916, cloth "battle-patches" were added to the sleeves of the Service Dress and greatcoat. The 1st Division was distinguished by a red rectangle, 3 inches wide by 2 inches tall, worn on each upper arm. The 1st Battalion was further distinguished by a green circle worn above the rectangle, the green indicating the 1st brigade, and the circle indicating the senior battalion in the brigade. More information on formation patches can be found in the article on the organization of the division.

Battle Honours

Ypres 1915, 17

St. Julien
Mount Sorrel
Pozieres
Ancre Heights
Vimy, 1917
Scarpe, 1917, 18
Passchendaele
Drocourt-Quéant
Canal du Nord

Gravenstafel
Festubert, 1915
Somme, 1916

Flers-Courcelette
Arras 1917, '18

Arleux
Hill 70
Amiens
Hindenburg Line
Pursuit to Mons

France and Flanders, 1915-18

Notes

  1. Stewart, p.1 and some information from Library and Archives Canada and the CEF Matrix

  2. Love, p.274

  3. Annex 1B to A-AD-267-000/AF-003, also viewable online at Directorate of History and Heritage list of lineages.

  4. Harper, Joseph A Source of Pride: Regimental Badges and Titles in the Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919 (Service Publications, Ottawa, ON, 1999) ISBN 0-9699845-8-8 p.5

References

  • Love, David W. A Call to Arms: The Organization and Administration of Canada's Military in World War One (Bunker to Bunker Books, Calgary, AB, 1999) ISBN 1894255-03-8

  • Stewart, Charles H. Overseas: The Lineages and Insignia of the Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919 (Little & Stewart, Toronto, ON, 1970)


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