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Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


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1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
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4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
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19th Alberta Dragoons
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20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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CEF Battalions 1914-1920

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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

12th Battalion, CEF

The 12th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force was a unit raised for service in the First World War.

History

The battalion was organized in Valcartier Camp on 6 August 1914 under the official authority of Camp Order 241 dated 2 September 1914. The unit drew its recruits from New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Quebec. The unit's commanding officer was Lieutenant-Colonel H.F. McLeod.

The battalion sailed from Quebec City on 1 October 1914 aboard S.S. Scotian and arrived in the United Kingdom on 14 October 1914 with a strength of 54 officers and 1156 other ranks.

In England, the 12th Battalion, along with the 6th, 9th and 11th Battalions, were formed into a Canadian Training Depot on 17 January 1915. The 12th was absorbed by a new 12th Canadian Reserve Battalion on 4 January 1917.

Official disbandment of the 12th Battalion came through General Order 149 of 1920.

The unit had a brass band and a stand of colours were presented at Valcartier by Lady Hazen on 30 September 1918. They were later deposited in Christ Church Cathedral, at Fredericton, New Brunswick.

The battalion was affiliated with the 104th Battalion, and after the war, a dual perpetuation was granted to The York Regiment and The Royal Rifles of Canada.1

The York Regiment was amalgamated with The Carleton Light Infantry in 1936 to become The Carleton and York Regiment, and after the Second World War became the 1st battalion of The Royal New Brunswick Regiment.

12th Battalion, CEF

Authorized: 6 August 1914
Initial Strength: 54 officers, 1156 other ranks
Service: Used for reinforcements for the Canadian Corps.
Disbanded:  15 September 1920 (GO 149/20)
Perpetuated by: The York Regiment and The Royal Rifles of Canada

Insignia

In 1914, there had been little time to adopt distinctive unit badges for the hastily assembled battalions of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. As many battalions were drawn from men from several of the pre-war Militia regiments, there was a desire to avoid using existing badges and forming associations with those existing units, in favour of creating new identities - the General Officer Commanding the 1st Canadian Contingent (later 1st Canadian Division) is quoted as saying sometime in October or November of 1914 "there must be distinctive badges for each unit."2 Until unit badges were approved and issued, a mixture of pre-war Militia badges and maple-leaf pattern General Service badges were seen.

Metal cap and collar badges were also worn on service dress.

Battle Honours

General Order 123 of 1929 awarded "The Great War, 1914-17" to the 12th Battalion.3

Notes

  1. Stewart, p.5 and Guide to Sources p.69.

  2. Harper, Joseph A Source of Pride: Regimental Badges and Titles in the Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919 (Service Publications, Ottawa, ON, 1999) ISBN 0-9699845-8-8 p.5

  3. Stewart lists several other honours:

Ypres 1915, '17
Mount Sorrel

Arras, 1917, '18
Hindenburg Line
Festubert, 1915
Somme, 1916
Hill 70
Pursuit to Mons

References

  • Love, David W. A Call to Arms: The Organization and Administration of Canada's Military in World War One (Bunker to Bunker Books, Calgary, AB, 1999) ISBN 1894255-03-8

  • Stewart, Charles H. Overseas: The Lineages and Insignia of the Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919 (Little & Stewart, Toronto, ON, 1970)

  • Guide to Sources Relating to Units of the Canadian Expeditionary Force Infantry Battalions (Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, ON, 2012)

Archival Holdings

 

The following holdings at Library and Archives Canada may be useful for further research on this unit:

 

  • War diary, 21 Oct. 1914 -31 Jan. 1915

    • RG 9, III-D-3, vol. 4950, folder 477

  • Badges

    • RG 24, vol. 1767, file HQ 683-558-1

  • Audit reports

    • RG 24, vol. 1767, file HQ 683-558-2

  • Mobilization accounts

    • RG 24, vol. 1768, file HQ 683-558-3

  • Inspection reports on clothing and equipment

    • RG 24, vol. 1768, file HQ 683-558-4

  • Demobilization

    • RG 24, vol. 1768, file HQ 683-558-5

  • DHS file

    • RG 24, vol. 1906, file DHS 5-8-0

  • Overseas Ministry file, 1915 - 1916

    • RG 9, III-A-1, vol. 48, file 8-5-61

  • Reinforcements, 1915 - 1916

    • RG 9, III-A-1, vol. 52, file 8-7-2

  • Overseas Ministry file

    • RG 9, III-A-1, vol. 81, file 10-9-48

  • Accounts

    • RG 9, III-B-1, vol. 381, file H-85-1

  • Muster parades

    • RG 9, III-B-1, vol. 452, file M-29-1

  • Nominal rolls of men for transfer to Canada

    • RG 9, III-B-1, vol. 465, file N-11-1

  • Organization, orderly room

    • RG 9, III-B-1, vol. 471, file 0-79-1

  • Canteen reports, inspections

    • RG 9, III-B-1, vol. 616, file C-94-2

  • Canteens

    • RG 9, III-B-1, vol. 619, file C-168-2

  • Financial correspondence

    • RG 9, III-B-1, vol. 699, file F-15-2

  • Organization

    • RG 9, III-B-1, vol. 752, file 0-65-2

  • Attachment of officers

    • RG 9, III-B-1, vol. 1461, file A-34-7

  • Aliens

    • RG 9, III-B-1, vol. 1463, fileA-85-7

  • Reinforcements

    • RG 9, III-B-1, vol. 1522, file A-150-7 and R-151-7

  • Badges

    • RG 9, III-D-1, vol. 4691, file 19

  • Historical record

    • RG 9, III-D-1, vol. 4691, file 18

  • Photographs

    • RG 9, III-D-1, vol. 4691, file 20

  • Nominal roll on embarkation, 1914

    • RG 9, II B3, vol. 79

  • Daily Orders

    • RG 150, vol. 67
      File Part 1=1914/09/06-1914/11/14
      File Part 2=1914/11/14-1914/12/22
      File Part 3=1914/12/31-1915/08/31

 


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