Weapons

Small Arms

Bayonets | Pistols  | Rifles
Submachine Guns

Thompson Submachine Gun
Sten Gun
C1 Submachine Gun

Light Weapons

Light Machine Guns

Lewis Gun
Bren Gun
C2 LMG
C9 LMG

Machine Guns

Colt Machine Gun
Vickers Gun
C5 General Purpose MG
C6 General Purpose MG
M2 .50 calibre

Light Anti-Tank Weapons

Boys Anti-Tank Rifle
Projector, Infantry, Anti-Tank
Bazooka
M72 SRAAW (L)
Carl Gustav
Eryx

Mortars

2-inch Mortar
3-inch Mortar
3-inch Stokes Gun
6-inch Newton Mortar
9.45-inch Newton Mortar
C3 81mm Mortar
M19 60mm Mortar

Ordnance

Anti-Tank Guns

106mm Recoilless Rifle
2-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
6-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
17-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
TOW Missile

Guns

18-pounder Gun
25-pounder Gun
60-pounder Howitzer
C1 105mm Howitzer
C3 105mm Howitzer
LG1 C1 105mm Howitzer

Anti-Aircraft Guns

3.7-inch Gun

Grenades

Hand Grenades
No. 69 Grenade
M61 & M67 Grenade
Rifle Grenades
Grenade Launchers
Anti-Tank Grenades
No. 68 Grenade

Ammunition
Small Arms & Light Weapons

.303 Mk VII
5.56mm
7.62mm NATO
Pistol Ammunition
PIAT Ammunition

Ordnance

106mm Ammunition
Armour Piercing
Armour Piercing Composite Rigid
AP Discarding Sabot
High Explosive Anti-Tank
High Explosive, Squash Head

Terminology

Fixed ammunition
Proximity Fuze

Lewis Gun

The Lewis Machine Gun was widely used as an aircraft mounted weapon, and by the middle of the war was being issued in large numbers to infantry platoons. Despite the large cooling jacket, the Lewis was an air-cooled weapon; it was found during the Second World War that the elaborate cooling system (air was sucked into the cooling shroud by the muzzle blast of the weapon and forcing a stream of air over the barrel) was no more efficient then guns lacking the shrouds, and was dispensed with.

Lewis LMG in use in the trenches on the Western Front during the First World War. An entire section of men was required to keep the Lewis in action, with ammuntion carried in bulky panniers.

Guns in use during the First World War retained the cooling system, and Lewis guns continued in service - often as Drill Purpose only weapons - up until the adoption of the Bren in 1939. The Lewis remained in use for training after the Bren began to be issued.

The weapon was commonly fired from the 47 round drum (or pan), and was reputed to frequently jam. A Lewis gun team in the latter part of the First World War consisted of a gunner and three to six men carrying loaded pans for the gun in canvas carriers. In early 1916 a Canadian battalion had an entitlement of 8 Lewis Guns, by early 1918 it had sixteen, or one per platoon with four extra for anti-aircraft protection. By the end of 1918, each battalion had 32 Lewis Guns, with two per platoon plus anti-aircraft guns (fired from a tripod, as illustrated at right).

It was a weapon mounting such as this that brought down Manfred von Richtofen (known to the Allies as "The Red Baron"), Germany's highest scoring fighter pilot in the First World War, when light machine gunners of an Australian artillery battery fired on the famous all-red triplane which had flown dangerously low over Allied lines. The Lewis Gun was used between the wars, and into the Second World War.


The Lewis configured for anti-aircraft work. (Scan courtesy Ed Storey)
 

Petty Officer Williams instructing ratings in the operation of a Lewis machine gun aboard H.M.C.S. Prince David, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, January 1941. Army units were using the Lewis for anti-aircraft purposes early in the Second World War as well. LAC Photo.

Defensively Equipped Merchant Ships (DEMS) gunners learning to fire a Lewis machine gun, Esquimalt, British Columbia, Canada, 15 March 1944.LAC Photo.
 

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