Weapons

Small Arms

Bayonets | Pistols  | Rifles
Submachine Guns

Thompson Submachine Gun
Sten Gun
C1 Submachine Gun

Light Weapons

Light Machine Guns

Lewis Gun
Bren Gun
C2 LMG
C9 LMG

Machine Guns

Colt Machine Gun
Vickers Gun
C5 General Purpose MG
C6 General Purpose MG
M2 .50 calibre

Light Anti-Tank Weapons

Boys Anti-Tank Rifle
Projector, Infantry, Anti-Tank
Bazooka
M72 SRAAW (L)
Carl Gustav
Eryx

Mortars

2-inch Mortar
3-inch Mortar
3-inch Stokes Gun
6-inch Newton Mortar
9.45-inch Newton Mortar
C3 81mm Mortar
M19 60mm Mortar

Ordnance

Anti-Tank Guns

106mm Recoilless Rifle
2-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
6-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
17-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
TOW Missile

Guns

18-pounder Gun
25-pounder Gun
60-pounder Howitzer
C1 105mm Howitzer
C3 105mm Howitzer
LG1 C1 105mm Howitzer

Anti-Aircraft Guns

3.7-inch Gun

Grenades

Hand Grenades
No. 69 Grenade
M61 & M67 Grenade
Rifle Grenades
Grenade Launchers
Anti-Tank Grenades
No. 68 Grenade

Ammunition
Small Arms & Light Weapons

.303 Mk VII
5.56mm
7.62mm NATO
Pistol Ammunition
PIAT Ammunition

Ordnance

106mm Ammunition
Armour Piercing
Armour Piercing Composite Rigid
AP Discarding Sabot
High Explosive Anti-Tank
High Explosive, Squash Head

Terminology

Fixed ammunition
Proximity Fuze

TOW Missile

The Tube launched, Optically tracked, Wire-command link guided missile weapon system was a soldier-portable and vehicle-mounted, long-range anti-armour weapons system. The weapon consisted of a launcher with tracking and control capabilities, and the TOW 2 guided missile, encased in a launch container. The TOW 2 was an upgrade of the original TOW first used in the Vietnam War by the United States, and was the model Canada fielded. It could be employed effectively in low light conditions (such as fog) and at night with the use of a thermal imagery sight. The missile could be launched from a ground mount or from a vehicle mount.

The TOW 2 was designed primarily to provide a long-range anti-tank capability, particularly to mechanized infantry units. However, the weapon system was also theoretically effective against fortified bunkers and gun emplacements.

Operation

Assembly and dismantling of the weapon system could be accomplished in the field without the use of tools, and the weapon itself had built-in self-test circuits. Launcher components failing a self-test could be replaced on the spot at the operating site.

While theoretically man portable over short distances, the Canadian Army fitted the weapon to several vehicles, chiefly the M113A2 Armoured Personnel Carrier, in which configuration it was known as TOW Under Armour. The Iltis and BV 206 also were employed to carry the TOW system.

The TOW was designed to defeat armoured vehicles and other targets such as field fortifications from ranges up to 3,750 meters. A drawback to the weapon was that after firing the missile, the gunner was required to keep the cross-hairs of the sight centered on the target in order to ensure a hit. The system operated in all weather conditions in which the gunner could physically see the target throughout the missile flight by using either a day or night sight.

Characteristics

  • Tracking: Maximum tracking speed of a target is 65 km/h

  • Range: 3.75 km

  • Rate of fire: approximately two rounds per minute

  • Penetration: TOW could penetrate all known armour including reactive armour and heavily fortified installations.

 
DND Photo

 


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