History

Wars & Campaigns

Boer War
First World War

►►Western Front

►►►Trench Warfare: 1914-1916

►►Allied Offensive: 1916

►►►Allied Offensives: 1917

►►►German Offensive: 1918

►►►Advance to Victory: 1918

►►Siberia
Second World War
►►War Against Japan

►►Italian Campaign

►►►Sicily

►►►Southern Italy

►►►The Sangro and Moro

►►►Battles of the FSSF

►►►Cassino

►►►Liri Valley

►►►Advance to Florence

►►►Gothic Line

►►►Winter Lines
►►North-West Europe

►►►Normandy
►►►Southern France
►►►Channel Ports

►►►Scheldt
►►►Nijmegen Salient

►►►Rhineland

►►►Final Phase
Korean War
Cold War
Gulf War

Operations 

GAUNTLET Aug 1941

(Spitsbergen)

HUSKY Jul 1943

 (Sicily)

COTTAGE Aug 1943

 (Kiska)

TIMBERWOLF Oct 1943

(Italy)

OVERLORD Jun 1944

(Normandy)

VERITABLE Feb 1945

(Rhineland)

Battle Honours

Boer War

►Paardeberg

18 Feb 00

First World War
Western Front
Trench Warfare: 1914-1916

Ypres, 1915

22 Apr-25 May 15

Gravenstafel

22-23 Apr 15

St. Julien

24 Apr-4 May 15

Frezenberg

8-13 May 15

Bellewaarde

24-25 May 15

Festubert, 1915

15-25 May 15

Mount Sorrel

2-13 Jun 16

Allied Offensive: 1916

►Somme, 1916

1 Jul-18 Nov 16

►Albert

.1-13 Jul 16

►Razentin

.14-17 Jul 16

►Pozieres

.23 Jul-3 Sep 16

►Guillemont

.3-6 Sep 16

►Ginchy

.9 Sep 16

►Flers-Courcelette

.15-22 Sep 16

►Thiepval

.26-29 Sep 16

►Le Transloy

. 1-18 Oct 16

►Ancre Heights

1 Oct-11 Nov 16

►Ancre, 1916

13-18 Nov 16

Allied Offensives: 1917

►Arras 1917

8 Apr-4 May 17

Vimy, 1917

.9-14 Apr 17

Arleux

28-29 Apr 17

►Scarpe, 1917

.3-4 May17

►Hill 70

.15-25 Aug 17

►Messines, 1917

.7-14 Jun 17

►Ypres, 1917

..31 Jul-10 Nov 17

►Pilckem

31 Jul-2 Aug 17

►Langemarck, 1917

.16-18 Aug 17

►Menin Road

.20-25 Sep 17

►Polygon Wood

26 Sep-3 Oct 17

►Broodseinde

.4 Oct 17

►Poelcapelle

.9 Oct 17

►Passchendaele

.12 Oct 17

►Cambrai, 1917

20 Nov-3 Dec 17

German Offensive: 1918

►Somme, 1918

.21 Mar-5 Apr 18

►St. Quentin

.21-23 Mar 18

►Bapaume, 1918

.24-25 Mar 18

►Rosieres

.26-27 Mar 18

►Avre

.4 Apr 18

►Lys

.9-29 Apr 18

►Estaires

.9-11 Apr 18

►Messines, 1918

.10-11 Apr 18

►Bailleul

.13-15 Apr 18

►Kemmel

.17-19 Apr 18

Advance to Victory: 1918

Amiens

8-11 Aug 18

►Arras, 1918

.26 Aug-3 Sep 18

►Scarpe, 1918

26-30 Aug 18.

►Drocourt-Queant

.2-3 Sep 18

►Hindenburg Line

.12 Sep-9 Oct 18

►Canal du Nord

.27 Sep-2 Oct 18

►St. Quentin Canal .29 Sep-2 Oct 18
►Epehy

3-5 Oct 18

►Ypres, 1918

.8-9 Oct 18

►Valenciennes

.1-2 Nov 18

►Sambre

.4 Nov 18

►Pursuit to Mons .28 Sep-11Nov

Second World War

War Against Japan

South-East Asia

Hong Kong

 8-25 Dec 41

Italian Campaign

Battle of Sicily

Landing in Sicily 

   9-12 Jul 43

Grammichele 

15 Jul 43

Piazza Armerina

16-17 Jul 43

Valguarnera

17-19 Jul 43

Assoro 

  20-22 Jul 43

Leonforte

 21-22 Jul 43

Agira

24-28 Jul 43

Adrano 

29 Jul-7 Aug 43

Catenanuova

29-30 Jul 43

Regalbuto

29 Jul-3 Aug 43

Centuripe

  31 Jul-3 Aug 43

Troina Valley

 2-6 Aug 43

Pursuit to Messina

 2-17 Aug 43

 Southern Italy

Landing at Reggio

 3 Sep 43

Potenza 19-20 Sep 43
Motta Montecorvino 1-3 Oct 43
Termoli 3-6 Oct 43
Monte San Marco 6-7 Oct 43
Gambatesa 7-8 Oct 43
Campobasso 11-14 Oct 43
Baranello 17-18 Oct 43
Colle d'Anchise 22-24 Oct 43
Torella 24-27 Oct 43

The Sangro and Moro

The Sangro

19 Nov-3 Dec 43

Castel di Sangro

.23-24 Nov 43

The Moro

5-7 Dec 43

San Leonardo

8-9 Dec 43

The Gully

..10-19 Dec 43

Casa Berardi

 ..14-15 Dec 43

Ortona

20-28 Dec 43

San Nicola-San

.31 Dec 43

Tommaso

.
Point 59/ 29 Dec 43-

Torre Mucchia

4 Jan 44

Battles of the FSSF
Monte Camino

.5 Nov-9 Dec 43

Monte la Difensa-

2-8 Dec 43

 Monte la Remetanea

.
Hill 720

25 Dec 43

Monte Majo

3-8 Jan 44.

Radicosa

4 Jan 44

Monte Vischiataro

8 Jan 44

Anzio

22 Jan-22 May 44

Rome

.22 May-4 Jun 44

Advance

.22 May-22 Jun 44

to the Tiber

.
►Monte Arrestino

25 May 44

►Rocca Massima

27 May 44

►Colle Ferro

2 Jun 44

Cassino
►Cassino II

11-18 May 44

►Gustav Line

11-18 May 44

►Sant' Angelo in

13 May 44

Teodice

.
►Pignataro

14-15 May 44

Liri Valley
Liri Valley

18-30 May 44

►Hitler Line

18-24 May 44

►Aquino

18-24 May 44

►Melfa Crossing

24-25 May 44

►Ceprano

26-27 May 44

►Torrice Crossroads

30 May 44

Advance to Florence
►Advance

17 Jul-10 Aug 44

to Florence

.
►Cerrone

25 - 31 Aug 44

Trasimene Line
►Trasimene Line

20-30 Jun 44

►Sanfatucchio

20-21 Jun 44

►Gabbiano

1 Jul 44

►Arezzo

4-17 Jul 44

►Tuori

5 Jul 44

Gothic Line
►Gothic Line

25 Aug-22 Sep 44

►Monteciccardo

27-28 Aug 44

►Montecchio

30-31 Aug 44

►Point 204 (Pozzo Alto)

31 Aug 44

►Monte Luro

1 Sep 44

►Borgo Santa Maria

1 Sep 44

►Tomba di Pesaro

1-2 Sep 44

►Coriano

3-15 Sep 44

►Lamone Crossing

2-13 Sep 44

Winter Lines
►Rimini Line

14-21 Sep 44

►San Martino-

14-18 Sep 44

San Lorenzo

.
►San Fortunato

18-20 Sep 44

►Casale

23-25 Sep 44

►Sant' Angelo

11-15 Sep 44

 in Salute

.
►Bulgaria Village

13-14 Sep 44

►Cesena

15-20 Sep 44

►Pisciatello

16-19 Sep 44

►Savio Bridgehead

20-23 Sep 44

►Monte La Pieve

13-19 Oct 44

►Monte Spaduro

19-24 Oct 44

►Monte San Bartolo

11-14 Nov 44

►Capture of Ravenna

3-4 Dec 44

►Naviglio Canal

12-15 Dec 44

►Fosso Vecchio

16-18 Dec 44

►Fosso Munio

19-21 Dec 44

►Conventello-

2-6 Jan 45

Comacchio

.
►Granarolo

3-5 Jan 44

Northwest Europe
Dieppe

19 Aug 42

Battle of Normandy
Normandy Landing

6 Jun 44

Authie

7 Jun 44

Putot-en-Bessin

8 Jun 44

Bretteville

8-9 Jun 44

       -l'Orgueilleuse .
Le Mesnil-Patry

11 Jun 44

Carpiquet

4-5 Jul 44

Caen

4-18 Jul 44

The Orne (Buron)

8-9 Jul 44

Bourguébus Ridge

18-23 Jul 44

Faubourg-de-

18-19 Jul 44

       Vaucelles .
St. André-sur-Orne

19-23 Jul 44

Maltôt

22-23 Jul 44

Verrières Ridge-Tilly--

25 Jul 44

         la-Campagne .
►Falaise

7-22 Aug 44

►Falaise Road

7-9 Aug 44

►Quesnay Road

10-11 Aug 44

Clair Tizon

11-13 Aug 44

►The Laison

14-17 Aug 44

►Chambois

18-22 Aug 44

►St. Lambert-sur-

19-22 Aug 44

       Dives

.

►Dives Crossing

17-20 Aug 44

Forêt de la Londe

27-29 Aug 44

The Seine, 1944

25-28 Aug 44

Southern France
Southern France

15-28 Aug 44

Channel Ports
Dunkirk, 1944

8-15 Sep 44

Le Havre

1-12 Sep 44

Moerbrugge

8-10 Sep 44

Moerkerke

13-14 Sep 44

Boulogne, 1944

17-22 Sep 44

Calais, 1944

25 Sep-1 Oct 44

Wyneghem

21-22 Sep 44

Antwerp-Turnhout

   24-29 Sep 44

Canal

.

The Scheldt

The Scheldt

1 Oct-8 Nov 44

Leopold Canal

6-16 Oct-44

►Savojaards Platt

9-10 Oct 44

Breskens Pocket

11 Oct -3 Nov 44

►Woensdrecht

1-27 Oct 44

►The Lower Maas

20 Oct -7 Nov 44

►South Beveland

 24-31 Oct 44

Walcheren

31 Oct -4 Nov 44

Causeway

.

Nijmegen Salient
Ardennes

Dec 44-Jan 45

Kapelsche Veer

31 Dec 44-

.

21Jan 45

The Roer

16-31 Jan 45

Rhineland
The Rhineland

8 Feb-10 Mar 45

►The Reichswald

8-13 Feb 45

►Waal Flats

8-15 Feb 45

►Moyland Wood

14-21 Feb 45

►Goch-Calcar Road

19-21 Feb 45

►The Hochwald

26 Feb-

.

4 Mar 45

►Veen

6-10 Mar 45

►Xanten

8-9 Mar 45

Final Phase
The Rhine

23 Mar-1 Apr 45

►Emmerich-Hoch

28 Mar-1 Apr 45

Elten

.
►Twente Canal

2-4 Apr 45

Zutphen

6-8 Apr 45

Deventer

8-11 Apr 45

Arnhem, 1945

12-14 Apr 45

Apeldoorn

11-17 Apr 45

Groningen

13-16 Apr 45

Friesoythe

14 Apr 45

►Ijselmeer

15-18 Apr 45

Küsten Canal

17-24 Apr 45

Wagenborgen

21-23 Apr 45

Delfzijl Pocket

23 Apr-2 May 45

Leer

28-29 Apr 45

Bad Zwischenahn

23 Apr-4 May 45

Oldenburg

27 Apr-5 May 45

Korean War
Kapyong

21-25 Apr 51

Domestic Missions

FLQ Crisis

International Missions

ICCS            Vietnam 1973

MFO                 Sinai 1986-

Peacekeeping

UNMOGIP

India 1948-1979

UNTSO

 Israel 1948-    ....

UNEF

Egypt 1956-1967

UNOGIL

Lebanon 1958    ....

ONUC

 Congo 1960-1964

UNYOM

Yemen 1963-1964

UNTEA

W. N. Guinea 1963-1964

UNIFCYP

 Cyprus 1964-    ....

DOMREP

D. Republic 1965-1966

UNIPOM

Kashmir 1965-1966

UNEFME

Egypt 1973-1979

UNDOF

Golan 1974-    ....

UNIFIL

 Lebanon 1978    ....

UNGOMAP

Afghanistan 1988-90

UNIIMOG

Iran-Iraq 1988-1991

UNTAG

Namibia 1989-1990

ONUCA

C. America 1989-1992

UNIKOM

Kuwait 1991    ....

MINURSO

W. Sahara 1991    ....

ONUSAL

El Salvador 1991    ....

UNAMIC

Cambodia 1991-1992

UNAVEM II

Angola 1991-1997

UNPROFOR

Yugosla. 1992-1995

UNTAC

Cambodia 1992-1993

UNOSOM

Somalia 1992-1993

ONUMOZ

Mozambiq. 1993-1994

UNOMUR

 Rwanda 1993    ....

UNAMIR

Rwanda 1993-1996

UNMIH

Haiti 1993-1996

UNMIBH

Bosnia/Herz.1993-1996

UNMOP

Prevlaka 1996-2001

UNSMIH

Haiti 1996-1997

MINUGUA

Guatemala 1994-1997

UNTMIH

Haiti 1997    ....

MIPONUH

 Haiti 1997    ....

MINURCA

C.Afr.Rep. 1998-1999

INTERFET

E. Timor 1999-2000

UNAMSIL

Sie. Leone 1999-2005

UNTAET

E. Timor 1999-2000

Exercises

 

North-West Europe
 

The North-West Europe campaign involved formations of the First Canadian Army during the Second World War. The campaign included Canadian participation in several major periods of action;  

  • Dieppe 19 August 1942

  • Battle of Normandy 6 June 1944 - 25 August 1944

  • Channel Ports September 1944

  • Battle of the Scheldt October 1944

  • Nijmegen Salient November 1944 - February 1945

  • Battle of the Rhineland February 1945 - March 1945

  • Final Phase March 1945 - April 1945

The Battle Honour North-West Europe was granted to regiments who served in any of these major periods of action. The Battle Honour's title is suffixed with the addition of the years of service, i.e. North-West Europe, 1944-45 for a unit engaged in combat in phases of the campaign during both 1944 and 1945.

The First Special Service Force was also awarded this battle honour as the only Canadian ground unit to serve in Southern France.

 


Normandy

The allied invasion of the Continent was one of the most inevitable military operations of the Second World War; it was also one of the most widely debated. The Americans campaigned vigorously with their British allies for an immediate return to the Continent as early as 1942; the British had commitments in North Africa and felt that once that continent had been cleared of Axis forces, the best approach to attacking the Axis would be through the Mediterranean. The latter view won out. The raid on Dieppe in August 1942 was an extension of the successful (and costly) commando raiding program instituted by the British. As forces headed to the Mediterranean in 1943 to participate in what became the Italian Campaign, large numbers of men remained in the UK, including the bulk of the First Canadian Army.  

On 6 June 1944, the Allies returned to the continent with the largest amphibious invasion in history; Canada provided the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, the 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade and the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion to the assault force, and took responsibility for one of the five landing beaches. D-Day, as the date of the invasion has become famously known, was a success. The following 90 days that comprised the Battle of Normandy has been a controversial subject ever since, due to the slow progress of the Allied armies in defeating the Germans. In the end, Operation OVERLORD pushed the Germans out of Normandy ahead of the arbitrary schedule set before the invasion - but at great cost in lives.

Battle of Normandy

Normandy LandingAuthiePutot-en-BessinBretteville-l'Orgueilleuse Le Mesnil-PatryCarpiquetCaenThe OrneBourguébus RidgeFaubourg de VaucellesSt. André-sur-OrneMaltôtVerrières Ridge - Tilly-la-Campagne – Falaise – Falaise Road – Quesnay Wood – Clair Tizon – The Laison – Chambois – St. Lambert-sur-Dives – Dives Crossing – Forêt de la LondeThe Seine, 1944

 


Channel Ports

The collapse of the German Army in Normandy took the Allies by surprise; it was anticipated that on D+90 (i.e. 90 days after the initial landing) the Germans would be fighting on the line of the River Seine. The Germans withdrew past the Seine in advance of that date, and in fact retreated as far as Belgium. Paris fell in late August, and Antwerp in Belgium was taken in early Sep.  

After Falaise the Germans were in such disarray that the Allies might have driven straight to Berlin if they had been able to focus even a third of their combined strength on a relatively narrow front and then put all their logistics effort into keeping it moving. But military alliances have their own agendas and their own political prices. Who would quarterback such a thrust? Who would carry the ball? Montgomery and Patton were the obvious choices but they could never have worked together.1

General Eisenhower, the Supreme Commander of SHAEF, opted for a "broad front" strategy in which all the armies under his command advanced abreast. Priorities were given where needed. In August 1944, the invasion of Southern France drove Axis forces out of the south and eventually enabled the front line in North-West Europe to extend from the North Sea to the Swiss border. From north to south, Eisenhower had three army groups operating:

  • 21st Army Group (Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery)

    • First Canadian Army (General H.D.G. Crerar)

    • British 2nd Army (General Miles Dempsey)

  • 12th Army Group (General Omar Bradley)

    • U.S. 1st Army (Lieutenant-General Courtney Hodges)

    • U.S. 3d Army (Lieutenant-General George S. Patton, Jr.)

  • 6th Army Group (Lieutenant-General General Jacob L. Devers)

    • U.S. 7th Army (Lieutenant-General Alexander Patch)

    • French 1st Army  (Général Jean de Lattre de Tassigny)

 

The U.S. 9th Army arrived on the Continent in September 1944, saw action at Brest, and later joined 21st Army Group. It was re-assigned to the 12th Army Group after the Rhine crossings in March 1945.

Priority in September was given to Operation MARKET-GARDEN, an airborne operation even larger than the massed parachute and glider landings in Normandy had been. The objective - to put a force across the Rhine River and into Germany, threatening the Ruhr industrial region, outflanking the Siegfried Line defences, and ending the war in 1944 - was not met. In the meantime, First Canadian Army spent September fighting along the North Sea coast on the left flank of the Allied armies. Their goals were to eliminate V-2 Rocket sites and open up the Channel Ports so that Allied supplies would not have to be drawn from the Normandy beaches. With Allied armies as far from Normandy as Antwerp in Belgium and Aachen in Germany, millions of gallons of gasoline were being expended in transporting supplies to the front line. The Germans resisted stubbornly in the port cities, and some even held out until May 1945, left "masked" in the Allied rear. The need to liberate a large port facility became acute by the end of September 1944.

Battle of the Scheldt

While Antwerp had fallen with port facilities intact to the Allies, the British forces that captured the city had not taken the step of advancing a few miles beyond the city and cutting off the neck of the South Beveland Peninsula. With the Scheldt Estuary - the waterway connecting Antwerp to the sea - in German hands, the port facilities were useless to the Allies. Priority shifted from the MARKET-GARDEN fighting (the British 1st Airborne Division had been reduced from 10,000 men to 2,000 in the space of 10 days when efforts by ground forces to link up with them stalled) to the clearing of the Scheldt. Canadian forces spent the month of October clearing the approach to the South Beveland Peninsula to the north of the estuary, and the Breskens Pocket to the south. The task was completed by 1 November, and British commandos landed on Walcheren Island itself to clear the large coastal guns there.

Battle of the Scheldt

The ScheldtLeopold Canal – Woensdrecht – Savojaards Plaat – Breskens Pocket – South Beveland – Walcheren Causeway – The Lower Maas

 

Nijmegen Salient

Nijmegen had been one of the cities liberated in MARKET-GARDEN, and the salient opened in the German line remained garrisoned by US paratroopers until the Canadians relieved them in place. The winter passed by relatively uneventfully for the Canadians. To the south, the Germans launched a major offensive in The Ardennes (known popularly since as the Battle of the Bulge). Had the offensive been successful in its object - driving through the Allies to the Meuse River and dividing the US and British forces - additional offensive action was contemplated against the Canadian Army around Nijmegen. In the event, the only major action was a minor clash at Kapelsche Veer in early 1945.

 

Battle of the Rhineland

That a major Allied offensive action would take place in 1945 was not a surprise to anyone. The Germans had one major terrain feature left in the west - the River Rhine. Operation VERITABLE was launched in Feb 1945 to clear the Germans off of what land remained in their hands to the west of the river. Executed in conjunction with Operation GRENADE, a US offensive to link up with them and similarly clear the west bank of the Rhine, the operation was notable for its extensive artillery preparation and the terrible conditions of mud and flooded terrain. While Field Marshal Montgomery prepared for a set piece crossing of the Rhine once the west bank was cleared, US armies to the south were effecting their own crossings. General Patton's US 3d Army managed an assault crossing of the river, while General Hodges' US 1st Army seized an intact bridge at Remagen, near Bonn. The main crossing by 21st Army Group was done in dramatic fashion, with a large amphibious assault backed by a full scale airborne assault across the river (Operation VARSITY). Once again, the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion took part in the airdrop and 3rd Canadian Infantry Division provided forces for the amphibious phase.  

Battle of the Rhineland

The Rhineland – The Reichswald – Waal Flats – Moyland Wood – Goch-Calcar Road – The Hochwald – Veen – Xanten

 


The Final Phase

The final phase of the war was fought across the Rhine following the massive crossing, called Operation PLUNDER. During this period, I Canadian Corps was repatriated to First Canadian Army from Italy. As II Canadian Corps drove into the northern Netherlands, I Canadian Corps went into the line and drove west, liberating or assisting in the liberation of Arnhem, Deventer and Apeldoorn and crossing the Ijssel. To the north, Canadian units cleared the Netherlands to the north coast, with major fighting at Groningen and the Delfzijl Pocket at the end of Apr, before crossing the border again into Germany for the final battles at Leer, Bad Zwischenhahn, Oldenburg and Wagenborgen.  

Final Phase

The Rhine – Emmerich-Hoch Elten – Twente Canal – ZutphenDeventerArnhem, 1945Apeldoorn –  GroningenFriesoythe – Ijsselmeer – Küsten CanalWagenborgenDelfzijl PocketLeerBad Zwischenahn –  Oldenburg

 

Battle Honours

The following units were awarded the Battle Honour "North-West Europe":

"NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1944"

  • First Special Service Force

"NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1942, 1944-1945"

Image:2gif.gif 2nd Canadian Division

  • The Toronto Scottish Regiment (MG)

Image:2gif4bde.gif 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade

  • The Royal Regiment of Canada

  • The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry

  • The Essex Scottish Regiment

Image:2gif6bde.gif 6th Canadian Infantry Brigade

  • Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal

  • The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada

  • The South Saskatchewan Regiment

"NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1942, 1945"

Image:1tankbde.gif 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade

  • 14th Canadian Armoured Regiment (The Calgary Regiment)

"NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1944-1945"

Image:1armygif.gif 1st Canadian Army

  • The Elgin Regiment

  • The Royal Montreal Regiment

  • The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment

Image:2corpgif.gif II Canadian Corps

  • 12th Manitoba Dragoons

Image:2gif.gif 2nd Canadian Division

  • 8th Canadian Reconnaissance Regiment (14th Canadian Hussars)

Image:3gif.gif 3rd Canadian Division

  • 7th Canadian Reconnaissance Regiment (17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars)

  • The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (MG)

Image:4gif.gif 4th Canadian Division

  • 29th Canadian Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment (The South Alberta Regiment)

  • The New Brunswick Rangers

  • The Lake Superior Regiment (Motor)

Image:2gif5bde.gif 5th Canadian Infantry Brigade

  • The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada

  • Le Régiment de Maisonneuve

  • The Calgary Highlanders

Image:3gif7bde.gif 7th Canadian Infantry Brigade

  • The Royal Winnipeg Rifles

  • The Regina Rifle Regiment

  • The Canadian Scottish Regiment

Image:3gif8bde.gif 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade

  • The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada

  • Le Régiment de la Chaudière

  • The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment

Image:3gif9bde.gif 9th Canadian Infantry Brigade

  • The Highland Light Infantry of Canada

  • The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders

  • The North Nova Scotia Highlanders

Image:4gif10bde.gif 10th Canadian Infantry Brigade

  • The Lincoln and Welland Regiment

  • The Algonquin Regiment

  • The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's)

Image:2tankbde.gif 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade

  • 6th Canadian Armoured Regiment (1st Hussars)

  • 10th Canadian Armoured Regiment (The Fort Garry Horse)

  • 27th Canadian Armoured Regiment (The Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment)

Image:4gif4bde.gif 4th Canadian Armoured Brigade

  • 21st Armoured Regiment (The Governor General's Foot Guards)

  • 22nd Armoured Regiment (The Grenadier Guards)

  • 28th Armoured Regiment (The British Columbia Regiment)

Under Foreign Command

British 79th Armoured Division

  • 1st Canadian Armoured Carrier Regiment

British 6th Airborne Division

  • 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion

"NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1945"

Image:1corpgif.gif I Canadian Corps

  • 1st Armoured Car Regiment (Royal Canadian Dragoons)

Image:1gif.gif 1st Canadian Division

  • 4th Reconnaissance Regiment (4th Princess Louise Dragoon Guards)

  • The Saskatoon Light Infantry (MG)

Image:5gif.gif 5th Canadian (Armoured) Division

  • 3rd Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment (The Governor General's Horse Guards)

  • The Westminster Regiment (Motor)

  • The Princess Louise Fusiliers

Image:1gif1bde.gif 1st Canadian Brigade

  • The Royal Canadian Regiment

  • 48th Highlanders of Canada

  • The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada

Image:1gif2bde.gif 2nd Canadian Brigade

  • Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry

  • The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment

  • The Loyal Edmonton Regiment

Image:1gif3bde.gif 3rd Canadian Brigade

  • Royal 22e Regiment

  • The Carleton and York Regiment

  • The West Nova Scotia Regiment

Image:5gif.gif 11th Canadian Brigade

  • The Perth Regiment

  • The Cape Breton Highlanders

  • The Irish Regiment of Canada

Image:1tankbde.gif 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade

  • 11th Canadian Armoured Regiment (The Ontario Regiment

  • 12th Canadian Armoured Regiment (The Three Rivers Regiment)

Image:5gif.gif 5th Canadian Armoured Brigade

  • 2nd Armoured Regiment (Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians))

  • 5th Armoured Regiment (8th Princess Louise's (New Brunswick) Hussars)

  • 9th Armoured Regiment (The British Columbia Dragoons)

IM<mage:Eurmapmini.gif

Notes

  1. Marteinson, John. We Stand on Guard: An Illustrated History of the Canadian Army (Ovale Publications, Montreal, PQ, 1992) ISBN 2894290438 p.306

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